What is Dyslexia?

What is Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning challenge. It interferes with certain learning abilities, such as reading and writing.

Dyslexia is defined by difficulties with accurate and fluent word recognition. It is a learning impairment. It is characterised by trouble reading as a result of difficulties detecting speech sounds. Also understanding how the sounds connect to letters and words.

Dyslexia, often known as reading difficulty, affects parts of the brain that process language. Individuals with dyslexia frequently exhibit deficiencies in phonemic and phonological awareness. This refers to the capacity to hear, recognise, and manipulate the sound structure of a spoken word, including its phonemes, syllables, onsets, and rimes.

They may also have poor orthographic processing. This makes it difficult to connect letters and letter combinations with sounds properly and smoothly. People with dyslexia often have normal brains and eyesight. With tutoring or a customised education programme, most children with dyslexia may excel in school. Emotional support is also very crucial.

When a youngster begins school and begins to focus more on the learning to read and write, signs of dyslexia generally become obvious.

Some traits distinguish dyslexia from other forms of reading and writing challenges, impairments, and disorders. Dyslexia is a reading impairment that is dependent on language. The following are the major features of dyslexia:

  • Decoding errors: Difficulty reading (or hearing out) unknown words accurately;
  • Insufficient fluency: Oral reading that is sluggish, imprecise, or laborious (low reading rate);
  • Incorrect spelling: Difficulty learning to spell or correctly spelling words, particularly basic terms.
  • Poor reading comprehension: Even if spoken language comprehension abilities are acceptable, poor decoding and restricted fluency might impede with reading comprehension in mild to severe cases.

The following are the primary causes of these distinguishing challenges, as discovered in psychological evaluations:

Weak phonological awareness, including segmenting (or breaking apart), combining, and manipulating spoken syllables and sounds in words.

Weak phonics abilities, beginning with learning the names of letters and the sounds they correspond to.  After learning the letters and their sounds, the reader must apply what they have learned to written words. This procedure necessitates orthographic mapping, which is the act of matching spoken sounds (phonemes) to appropriate letters or letter patterns. Poor phonological memory or working memory (difficulty remembering sounds and words in order to read or spell). Difficulty quickly recognising common items, colours, numbers, or alphabet letters.

If your kid has dyslexia, they will most likely require additional educational help from their school.

There is normally no reason why the child cannot attend a mainstream school with adequate assistance. A small percentage of children may benefit from attending a specialised school.

Techniques and resources that may be beneficial to the kid include are:

Iinfrequent one-on-one instruction.

Small-group phonics classes with a phonics expert. (a special learning technique that focuses on improving the ability to identify and process the smaller sounds that make up words)

When your child is older, technology such as computers and speech recognition software may make it easier for them to read and write.

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