Read about the early warning signs of Autism. ASD (autism spectrum disorder) is a developmental condition caused by brain differences. Some ASD patients have a recognised abnormality, such as a genetic disease. Other reasons are unknown at this time. Scientists think that ASD is caused by a combination of factors that work together to alter the most typical ways.
There is frequently nothing in the appearance of people with ASD that distinguishes them from others. They may act, speak, engage, and learn in ways that most other people do not. People with ASD have a wide range of talents. Some persons with ASD, for example, may have great communication abilities, whilst others may be nonverbal. Some persons with ASD require a great deal of assistance in their everyday life, while others may work and live with little to no assistance.
Early Intervention is necessary
Identifying the early warning signs is of Autism is key. By the age of two, toddlers typically talk or copy the activities of people around them. Children with autism, however, between the ages of 2 and 3, may be unable to talk, utilise objects differently, such as lining up toys rather than playing with them, have limited speech, fail to follow basic directions, have a limited inventory of noises, phrases, and gestures.
ASD appears before the age of three and can continue for the rest of a person’s life, but symptoms may improve with time. Some children exhibit ASD symptoms within the first year of life. In others, symptoms may not appear for 24 months or more. Some children with ASD learn new abilities and fulfil developmental goals until they are 18 to 24 months old, at which point they cease developing new skills or lose the talents they previously have.
People with ASD may struggle with social communication and interpersonal skills.
- Avoids or does not maintain eye contact
- By 9 months of age, does not exhibit facial expressions such as happiness, sadness, anger, or surprise.
- By 12 months of age, he or she uses little or no gestures (e.g., does not wave goodbye)
- Does not share other people’s interests by 15 months of age..
- Sometimes,by 18 months of age, doesn’t really point or look as to what you point at.
- By the age of 24 months, does not notice when others are upset or unhappy.
- Sometimes, by 30 months of age, does not pretend in play (e.g., does not pretend to “feed” a doll).
- Has little interest in his classmates.
- At 36 months or older, has difficulty comprehending other people’s sentiments or communicating about one’s own feelings.
- By the age of 60 months, he does not participate in turn-taking games.
ASD-related limited or repetitive interests and behaviours might include:
- Repeats words or phrases several times (i.e., echolalia)
- flapping hands, rocking body, or spinning in circles
- Has strange reactions to how things sound, smell, taste, appear, or feel.
The majority of persons with ASD have other features. These might include:
- Language abilities that are delayed
- Movement skills that are delayed
- Cognitive or learning skills that are delayed
- Behavior that is hyperactive, impulsive, and/or inattentive
- Unusual sleeping and eating habits
- Gastrointestinal problems (e.g., constipation)
- Unusual emotional or mood swing